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Province and Coastal First Nations working together to protect environment and grow economy

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Photo Courtesy: ID 161530468 © Aaron Northcott | Dreamstime.com

By CKPG Today

working together

Aug 1, 2020 5:00 AM

VICTORIA—The B.C. government and Coastal First Nations have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to continue and expand their work to protect the environment and boost the regional economy.

The Coastal First Nations are an alliance of eight First Nations on the north and central coast of B.C. and Haida Gwaii. The MOU builds on a Reconciliation Protocol, signed in 2009 to protect the Great Bear Rainforest and build a stronger economy.

“As we continue our work towards reconciliation, it is imperative we continue to strengthen our government-to-government relationship. An integral part of our work together includes the Province’s commitment to supporting carbon-credit sales and the world-class work of our stewardship offices and guardian watchmen.”—Chief Marilyn Slett, president, Coastal First Nations

The new agreement outlines a long-term vision for B.C.’s mid-and northern coastal areas, guided by the belief of reconciliation, fiscal self-resilience and a collective responsibility to manage environment in the face of climate change.



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Environment

Letter to the Editor: Vote ‘yes’ to protected Maine environment

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Maine is a beautiful state full of many great people and natural wonders. We all know and recognize that. However, two foreign corporations continue to fail to recognize that. Central Maine Power Company, the most disliked public utility in the country, is one of those corporations, and it is attempting to construct a new electrical transmission line to deliver power to Massachusetts, and doing so will put all of Maine’s iconic wilderness at risk.

Flagstaff was established in 1775 it became a vibrant town in the early years of Maine. However, in 1940 people were ripped from their homes so the town could be burned down and flooded for the construction of a hydroelectric dam.

By Allowing CMP to construct a transmission line through the North Woods for Massachusetts’ use, will be just the beginning to use Maine for profit. We simply cannot allow foreign companies to put profits before Maine like what happened to Flagstaff.

This November, Maine voters will have the power to reject CMP’s transmission line and protect our natural environment by voting YES.

Marianne Ayotte
Moxie Gore Township

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Environment

Marine heatwaves may force fish to flee huge distances: Study – Environment

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Fish and other marine life may have to flee thousands of kilometers to escape damaging heatwaves, according to research published Wednesday, highlighting the scale of disruption caused by these increasing surges in ocean temperatures.

Hot spells can cause dramatic changes to ocean ecosystems, devastating coral habitats, killing large numbers of seabirds and forcing species like fish, whales and turtles into colder waters.  

Researchers said the increasing number of marine heatwaves are a sudden shock to local ecosystems. whose effects can last months or in some cases years.

They are an additional stress on oceans that are also seeing long-term warming, says the study published in the journal Nature.

The researchers looked at how far a species caught in a marine heatwave would have to travel to get back to a normal water temperature, in what they term “thermal displacement”. 

Previous research focused on measuring the intensity of the temperature change at the location of the heatwave and the effects on static habitats, like kelp forests and coral reefs, researchers said.  

Thermal displacement “adds a new dimension” to our understanding of these heatwaves, lead author Michael Jacox of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration told AFP.

“It’s important because we know that many marine species can quickly move long distances to find favorable habitat. They won’t just stay in place when the water is too hot, so the question is how far must they go to find cooler water?” he said. 

Read also: Summer-vacation initiatives to preserve the ocean

37 years of heatwaves

To answer this, researchers analyzed data of marine heatwaves from 1982 to 2019 and looked at the species displacement associated with these events.

In some areas, cooler water would not be far away, such as where different regions of the ocean meet. 

But in tropical waters, where variations in temperatures are relatively small, the study found that species would have to travel more than 2,000 kilometers to find suitable habitat.

This fast-moving displacement of sea life has broad implications, Jacox said.   

“Some of the most mobile species — many fish, whales, and turtles — hold great value for humans, whether it’s for fisheries, tourism, or from a conservation perspective,” he said.

Read also: Ocean heatwaves devastate wildlife, worse to come

‘The Blob’

In 2011, a 10-week ocean heatwave off western Australia shattered the local underwater ecosystem and pushed commercial fish species into colder waters.

At the end of 2013 an unusually warm patch of water that became known as “The Blob” appeared near Alaska and began to expand, stretching all the way to Baja California around 4,000 kilometers away by late 2015.

This vast marine heatwave caused mass strandings of marine mammals and seabirds along the west coast of the United States and Canada and killed off swathes of seagrass meadows and kelp forests.

“Warm-water species such as thresher sharks, hammerhead sharks, and mahi mahi (aka dolphinfish) were sighted farther north than ever before,” said a 2016 report on “The Blob” in the peer-reviewed magazine Oceanography

Mark Payne of the Technical University of Denmark said marine heatwaves were some “of the most visible signs of an ocean under stress”, in a commentary in Nature

He noted that species may not always be able to find a suitable habitat to relocate to, or are unable or unwilling to move, such as parents guarding young. 

But he said that the study by Jacox and colleagues — which he was not involved in — “expands our perspectives” of these heating events.

These are “expected to increase dramatically in the future, given that the increases are linked to climate change”.

Last year, research published in the US Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences calculated that climate change would empty the ocean of nearly a fifth of all living creatures, measured by mass, by the end of the century. 

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Environment

Local Focus: Waiariki candidates put the environment first over business

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The three main candidates for the Waiariki electorate all agree the environment is important and New Zealand as a whole should treat it with respect.

In this Local Focus video all three explain their commitment to the whenua in different ways.

“Businesses should be mindful of the environment,” says Vision NZ party leader and Waiariki candidate Hannah Tamaki.

Māori Party candidate Rawiri Waititi says that without an environment there is no economy.

“Climate change is one of the biggest issues facing humanity at this time and if we don’t do anything about that we’re going to have nothing.”

Labour candidate Tamati Coffey says the environment is everything. “If you haven’t got a good environment you haven’t got anything.”

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